Periodontal treatment methods depend upon the type and severity of the disease. Your dentist and dental hygienist will evaluate for periodontal disease and recommend the appropriate treatment.
If the disease is caught in the early stages of gingivitis, and no damage has been done, one to two regular cleanings will be recommended. You will also be given instructions on improving your daily oral hygiene habits and having regular dental cleanings.
If the disease has progressed to more advanced stages, a special periodontal cleaning called scaling and root planing (SRP or deep cleaning) will be recommended. It is usually done in two appointments while the area is numb. Depending on the severity of the periodontal disease it may be determined to treat one area of the mouth at a time leading to four appointments. In this procedure, tartar, plaque, and toxins are removed from above and below the gum line (scaling) and rough spots on root surfaces are made smooth (planing). This procedure helps gum tissue to heal and pockets to shrink. Medications, special medicated mouth rinses, irrigation and/or locally placed antibiotics may be recommended. Home care is vital in maintaining the oral health after scaling and root planing and an electric tooth brush and water flosser may be recommended to help control infection and healing.